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2118 – Herbicides: Pre-emergent   arrow

What are herbicides?

Pre-emergent herbicides or “weed preventers” are often used to control annual lawn weeds such as crabgrass, foxtails, barnyardgrass, spurge, knotweed, purslane and others. Examples include various “crabgrass preventers” on the market.

What does a pre-emergent herbicide do?

A pre-emergent herbicide does not prevent weed seed germination or kill the seed. Instead, the root system development of a young weed seedling is severely limited by the action of the pre-emergent herbicide, killing it before it “emerges” preventing the weed from establishing. Pre-emergents will not control existing weeds, but will, if applied before germination, control seedlings of annual or perennial weeds.

What should I do after I apply herbicides?

After application, pre-emergents must be watered in or rained on to activate them. Some are more effective on grassy weeds; others on broadleaf (non-grass) weeds; others are equally effective on grassy or broadleaf weeds. Read the label to determine target weeds for particular brands. Pre-emergents remain effective for a couple of weeks to 3 months or so, depending on the type or brand name used.

Can herbicides cause damage?

Follow label directions and do not exceed label rates of application. When applied in excess, some pre-emergents may damage the lawn grass or other desirable plants. As the name implies, a pre-emergent must be used prior to germination of the weed seeds. Make sure not to plant seed in an area with active pre-emergent pesticides as they, too, will likely not succeed. For most uses in the lower elevation areas of Colorado, this translates to a March application; April 1 to May 1 for higher elevations.

For more information, see the following Colorado State University Extension fact sheet(s).

For more information, see the following Planttalk Colorado™ script(s).

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