Needled evergreen trees, also called conifers, provide year-round interest, color and texture to any landscape.
What should I consider before buying an Evergreen?
Before buying evergreen trees, consider planting location for soil, sunlight and space – is there enough room to accommodate it at its mature size? Read the label carefully – will it tolerate our low temperatures of –20 degrees Fahrenheit? If there are overhead utility lines, you might consider a shorter evergreen. Make sure the evergreen is suited for the altitude.
What are water needs for Evergreens?
Evergreens have widely different water needs. Spruce and fir need extra water, so they are well-suited to lawns. On the other hand, pines and junipers will flourish in drier sites. When planting several different species of evergreen trees in the landscape, plant those with similar water needs in the same general area.
What are the major differences between Evergreens?
Native evergreen trees make beautiful choices. The Ponderosa pine is long-lived, grows tall, tolerates rocky and clay soil and has fragrant, red-brown bark at maturity. Our spruce can fill a huge area if given enough water or snow. The shorter Pinon pine can grow to be almost sphere-shaped and be a great refuge for birds. Did you know the bristlecone pine – with its bushy, wax-flecked branches – is one of the longest-living organisms? The one-seed juniper also lives long, adapting to adverse conditions in fascinating shapes. Junipers make great wind-breaks. Native trees will always perform better than trees from other areas, especially when situated in a setting similar to where they naturally grow.
What are large conifer tree species?
Large conifer trees include white fir, Douglas fir, Austrian pine, ponderosa pine, Colorado blue spruce, Englemann spruce and Norway spruce.
What are medium conifer species?
Medium conifer trees include eastern red cedar, limber pine, Scotch pine and black hills spruce.
What are small conifer species?
Small conifer trees include Rocky Mountain juniper varieties such as Grey Gleam, Sutherland and Wichita Blue; and others such as pinyon pine, bristlecone pine, dwarf Alberta spruce and arborvitae. Many dwarf varieties of conifers are available for use in smaller spaces.
What do I need to do before planting?
Before planting anything in your yard, call the local underground utility locating hotline.
For more information, see the following Planttalk Colorado™ video(s).
- Conifer Tree ID Videos
- Austrian Pine
- What is Pine Needle Shed?
For more information, see the following Colorado State University Extension reference materials:
For more information, see the following Planttalk Colorado™ script(s).
- Evergreen Trees
- Xeriscaping: Trees and Shrubs
- Trees and Shrubs for Mountain Areas
- Tree Planting Steps
- The Science of Planting Trees