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1402 – Aphids   arrow

Winged aphid adult
Not to scale.
Wingless aphid adult
Not to scale.

What are aphids?

Aphids can be serious pests in Colorado. The small, pear-shaped insects vary in color from green to orange, red, brown or gray. These insects damage plants by sucking the plant juices. When abundant, aphids remove large quantities of sap, reducing the growth and vigor of the plant.

What are signs of aphids?

One can look for certain signs on a plant to verify the presence of aphids. Leaf curling, the presence of ants or the excretion of a sweet, honeydew-like substance may all be an indication of an aphid problem.

What can I use to prevent aphids?

Ladybugs, green lacewings, syrphid flies and parasitic wasps are some of the aphids’ natural enemies and will help control them. Most plants will tolerate the use of insecticidal soaps. Test spray a small portion of the plant. Wait a few days and see if there is sensitivity to the foliage. If no symptoms appear then spray the entire foliage. High water pressure may also wash away aphids and remove sticky honeydew.

Aphid eggs on leaf

When aphids can’t be controlled by these natural methods, insecticides containing the active ingredients acephate, bifenthrin, and imidacloprid are effective. Be sure to follow all label directions when using insecticides.

For more information, see the following Colorado State University Extension fact sheet(s).

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