The genus Philodendron is made up of hundreds of species and cultivars many of which are native to tropical regions of the Americas. Thanks to their adaptability to low light conditions many varieties are popular houseplants.
Philodendrons grow in any well-draining potting soil mixture. They should be watered frequently enough to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. When watering, wet the soil thoroughly and allow excess water to drain through the bottom of the container and discard. Fertilize philodendrons regularly with a water-soluble houseplant fertilizer, or use a time-release granular fertilizer, following the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Philodendrons grow best in bright, indirect light, but will survive low-light conditions. During warmer months, plants can be placed outdoors in a shady location protected from wind. A night-time temperature of 65-70° F and day-time temperatures between 75 and 80° F are best for philodendrons. However, some varieties may survive temperatures as cool as 50 to 55° F for short periods of time.